Selecting and growing a peach tree involves a number of steps. If you follow the steps you’ll have a tree that produces fruit each year.
Selecting the tree. When selecting your tree there are two things you need to consider pollination and the planting zone.
Pollination – most trees require or improve fruit yield significantly when cross pollinated. You will need a with a compatible tree to help trees become pollinated. Luckily most peach trees are self pollinating. A second tree can help increase the harvest but is not required. There are only four varieties of peach trees that are self-unfruitful J.H. Hale, Hal-Berta, Candoka, Earlihale, and Mikado (June Elberta). All other common varieties are self fruitful.
Planting Zone – You need to find a tree that will do well in your current climate. Each variety of peach tree is ideal in certain planting zones. Your local home-mega-hardware-store sells fruit trees that are outside of your local planting zone. I found this out the hard way and bought a tree that wasn’t hardy enough to live through the cold winters where I live. It is advisable to avoid these types of stores all together and support local nurseries that sell trees in your
Planting the Tree Try to plant your tree while it is dormant (with the leaves off). This is usually early spring or late fall. The damage to the roots and shock of transplanting is reduced if the tree is dormant. Select a area that has good drainage and full sunlight. Dig a whole twice as deep and wide as the root ball of your tree. If your ground is particularly rocky, or is hardened clay, try to loosen up the dirt a little deeper and wider. At the bottom of the hole add a bed of soil mixed with potting soil for the root ball to rest on. Try to free the root ball from growing in a circular and have it start to spread out its roots instead. Be careful to not harm the fine roots as they are the most important. Set the root ball in place and align the trunk so it is vertical. While holding the tree vertical push back the soil and fill in the hole. Pat the dirt in but be careful not to break off the fine roots you’ve just planted. Add some root stimulator and fertilizer over the fresh dirt and water the tree deeply everyday for a week. Deeply water every other day for a couple weeks after that. After five weeks make sure your tree is getting deep waterings at least twice a week. Mulch around the fresh dirt and under the dripline of the tree at least two inches deep. Use untreated wood chips instead of rubber to mulch. As the wood chips break down valuable nutrients and soil conditioners will further aid your tree. Fertilize in the fall and in the spring. Try to avoid using pesticides as you may be killing valuable bees in the process.
Peach Tree Details
|Need Polinator||Zone||Ripen Date||Fruit Size||Notes|
|Self Polinating||4-8||July 20||Medium||Cold hardy. Reliable canner.|
|Self Polinating||5-9||September 5||Large||Used for Eating & Canning. Not dense fruit production.|
|Self Polinating||7-9||November 10||Medium||Good in the desert.|
|Self Polinating||5-9||August 30||Medium||Cold hardy. Excellent winter peach. Good canning.|